Robert Westley, a professor at Tulane University who wasn’t involved in the paper, says that this and other examples can be used to refute arguments that slavery reparations would necessarily be too difficult to figure out. The French spoliation claims and others “were made and demanded over many generations,” he says. “Somehow problems of proof were not insurmountable in those cases, and shouldn’t be in the case of the United States with slavery.”
Dr. James Marion Sims was heralded as the father of gynecology, yet at whose expense?
Since the mid- twentieth century, academia has debated whether Sims was an ingenuous doctor who furthered the progression of medical science for women or a 19th monster who conducted painful unethical experiments on women who couldn’t say “No.”
In 1993 Durrenda Ojanuga, Ph.D. wrote that the problem with Sims’ experiments were that he used the institution of slavery to harbor human guinea pigs to perfect his procedures. Violating all concepts of human rights and medical ethics, the women were property subject to Sims’ trial and error experiments.
Steve Harvey after backlash:
“Become skilled at deflecting negative energy. Keep your focus and attention on your own dreams. Refuse to be influenced by a hater’s opinion of you. #ActLikeaSuccess”
Dr. Boyce Watkins:
I should say that as a big fan of Steve Harvey, I am not happy having this conversation. However, I suggest that all of us ensure that we protect the memory of our ancestors and realize that the words “I don’t give a damn about slavery” being stated by a prominent black man in front of millions of people does a horrific disservice to those who came before us.
Enslaved Blacks and Africans did not readily accept slavery. There were many uprisings where white settlers were slain or injured, in the South and North. Plantation owners were fearful for their lives from a violent rebellion, so much so that they came together to create what they called “slave codes,” a succession of laws (some differed by colony) that restricted enslaved people’s behavior to control their actions and reduce the chances of an uprising.
Rejecting Slavery, a Crime Punishable by Death
Since the slave codes were inspired by the fear of Blacks, it’s not surprising that the most cruel and inhumane punishments were reserved for those who most rejected slavery. Attempting “to raise an insurrection” meant certain torture and death, but capital punishment was used for even lesser acts of resistance, such as destroying “any stack of rice, corn or other grain” or setting fire to “any tar kiln, barrels of pitch, tar, turpentine or rosin,” according to encyclopedia.com. Free Blacks who harbored escapees would be beaten by the slave owner and fined.
No Right to Bear Arms or Self-Defense
Blacks were prohibited from possessing weapons or lifting a hand against any white person, even in self-defense. If caught carrying a gun, the enslaved would receive 39 lashes with a whip and forfeit his weapon. In some places, even free Blacks couldn’t carry a gun. Eerily similar to how the police violence is protected by the laws of today, resisting the violence of a slaveholder or overseer granted them the right to kill that enslaved Black person without fear of prosecution.
People think they know everything about slavery in the United States, but they don’t. They think the majority of African slaves came to the American colonies, but they didn’t. They talk about 400 hundred years of slavery, but it wasn’t. They claim all Southerners owned slaves, but they didn’t. Some argue it was a long time ago, but it wasn’t.
Slavery has been in the news a lot lately. Perhaps it’s because of the increase in human trafficking on American soil or the headlines about income inequality, the mass incarceration of African Americans or discussions about reparations to the descendants of slaves. Several publications have fueled these conversations: Ta-Nehisi Coates’ The Case for Reparations in The Atlantic Monthly, French economist Thomas Picketty’s Capital in the Twenty First Century, historian Edward Baptist’s The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and The Making of American Capitalism, and law professor Bryan A. Stevenson’s Just Mercy: A Story of Justice and Redemption.
As a scholar of slavery at the University of Texas at Austin, I welcome the public debates and connections the American people are making with history. However, there are still many misconceptions about slavery.
The Amazing love African Americans held for former President Abraham Lincoln has often been proven to be misplaced. Little does anyone realize that his first knee-jerk, and heartfelt reaction to African freedom was, “You can always leave.”
This article by Henry Louis Gates, Jr revisits the events of surrounding Lincoln’s meeting with African American delegates.
Amazing Fact About the Negro No. 92: When President Abraham Lincoln met with free black leaders in 1862, what did he propose?Today marks the anniversary of President Abraham Lincoln’s “shot heard ’round the world.” I’m referring, of course, to the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation he fired off from the White House on Sept. 22, 1862, five days after the real bullets had been fired 70 miles outside of Washington, D.C., at the Battle of Antietam then and now the bloodiest day in American history, with close to 23,000 casualties.
What little Union victory there was in Gen. Robert E. Lee’s withdrawal from Maryland gave Lincoln the opening he needed to issue the Confederacy his ultimatum: If it remained in a state of rebellion come Jan. 1, 1863, he would sign an executive order rendering “all” of its “slaves … then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Read more at: Lincoln’s Back to Africa Solution – The Root.
Uploaded on Oct 25, 2009
Music video by Sister Souljah performing The Final Solution; Slavery’s Back In Effect. (C) 1991 SONY BMG MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT
“Historic debate between James Baldwin v. William F. Buckley Jr. at Cambridge University on the question: “Is the American Dream at the expense of the American Negro?””
In this lecture based on her book, Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome, Dr. Joy DeGruy sheds light on the enduring legacy of slavery. Dr. DeGruy underscores that although chattel slavery was abolished 150 years ago, African Americans continue to suffer the physical and emotional manifestations of a historic PTSD she terms “post traumatic slave syndrome.” The talk clocks in at nearly 2 hours, but every minute is worth it.
12 Years a Slave, which just won the Oscar for Best Picture, tells the story of Solomon Northup who was kidnapped from upstate New York and sold into slavery. Told from his point of view, the movie doesn’t tell what happened to his family while he was gone. This week we’ll learn about his wife Anne, who worked as a cook at the Morris-Jumel House in New York City.