Post-Exposure Prophylaxis | AIDS.GOV

PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT #PUBLICSERVICEANNOUNCE :
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) for post exposure to HIV.

May help prevent HIV.

WHO NEEDS PEP?
PEP is used for anyone who may have been exposed to HIV during a single event.

Healthcare workers are evaluated for PEP if they are exposed after:
Getting cut or stuck with a needle that was used to draw blood from a person who may have HIV infection
Getting blood or other body fluids that may have lots of HIV in their eyes or mouth

Getting blood or other body fluids that may have lots of HIV on their skin when it is chapped, scraped, or affected by certain rashes

The risk of getting HIV infection in these ways is extremely low—fewer than 1 in 100 for all exposures.

PEP1PEP2

WHAT IS POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS?
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) involves taking anti-HIV medications as soon as possible after you may have been exposed to HIV to try to reduce the chance of becoming HIV positive. These medications keep HIV from making copies of itself and spreading through your body.

There are two types of PEP:

(1) occupational PEP (sometimes called “oPEP”), taken when someone working in a healthcare setting is potentially exposed to material infected with HIV, and

(2) non-occupational PEP (sometimes called “nPEP”), taken when someone is potentially exposed to HIV outside the workplace (e.g., from sexual assault, or during episodes of unprotected sex or needle-sharing injection drug use)…

via Post-Exposure Prophylaxis.

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