Social scientists and others have produced volumes of research which have repeatedly demonstrated how the American legal system reinforces, perpetuates, and reflects disparate racial outcomes and white supremacy. For example, their findings include how black Americans face racial bias and unfair treatment at every level of the criminal justice system from initial police encounters to sentencing and parole decisions. Juries are influenced by implicit racial bias. Juries are also less likely to find black witnesses “credible” or “believable”. And perhaps most troubling, white jurors can be subconsciously primed by images of apes and gorillas–this deeply racist association between animals and African-Americans in turn makes white jurors more likely to give black defendants the death penalty.